中棋棋牌

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                你的位置:中棋棋牌 > 技术支持

                水处理技术

                2018-7-10 15:29:33      点击:

                50多年来,我国水污染防治工作虽然经历了五个发展阶段,作了许多工作,在一定程度上控制了水污染发展趋势,但是我国面临的水污染形势十分严峻。我国城市普遍存在这水污染问题,1996年《中国环境公报》指出,在统计的138个城市河段中,133个受到不同的污染。70%以上的城市河段不宜作饮用水源,50%的城市地下水受到污染。长江、黄河、珠江、淮河、松花江、辽河、海河等七大水系的水质不断恶化,水污染程度在加剧,范围在扩大。湖泊水库普遍受氮磷和有机物的污染,个别湖水出现重金属污染。近年来,我国沿海水体富营养化日益严重,赤潮发生的频率逐年增高,范围逐年扩大。据海洋研究所的报告,从1993年至1997年我国已观察到的赤潮中,东海共发生132次,黄渤海共发生72次,南海发生61次。1999年7月,渤海在不到10天内连续发生两次大面积赤潮。我国水污染如此严重,这是长期以来城市排水工程欠帐太多之故,每年有近300亿立方米污水未经处理直接排放,使水环境的污染量大大超过了自净能力所能承受的程度,从而破坏了水的良性循环,导致水资源危机的加剧,进而影响城市的可持续发展。本篇文章来源:软水器 http://beino.cn

                水处理(水处理系统,水处理设备或水处理工程),简单的讲就是通过物理的或化学的手段,去除水中一些对生产、生活不需要或者有害的物质的过程。
                水是为了适用于特定的用途而对水进行的沉降、过滤、混凝、絮凝,以及缓蚀、阻垢等水质调理的过程。由于社会生产、生活与水密切相关。因此,水处理领域涉及的应用范围十分广泛,构成了一个庞大的产业应用。
                  常说的水处理包括:给水处理和排水处理两大类。给水处理一般是以将水处理可以应用为前提,是提供给工业使用或者居民使用为目的的水处理系统或水处理设备。排水处理是指将工业生产或者居民生活产生的工业废水和生活污水处理到能达标排放的污水处理系统或者废水处理系统。



                第一章常用计量单位

                中棋棋牌 1、ZHANGDUDANWEI:

                QIANMI(Km)=103MI

                中棋棋牌                 MI(m)=103HAOMI

                                HAOMI(mm)=103WEIMI

                                WEIMI(μm)=103NAMI

                                NAMI(nm)=10-9MI

                中棋棋牌 NAMIJISHUSHIJINTIANGAOKEJILINGYUDEYIGEREMENHUATI,KEXUEJIAMENYANJIUFAXIAN,ZAINAMIJIDEWEIXIZHUANGTAIXIA,WUZHIDEGOUCHENGHEXINGNENGJIAOTONGCHANGZHUANGTAIYOUQIYIDEBIANHUA,DAOZHILEHENDUOXINCAILIAOXINGONGYIDEDANSHENG。

                中棋棋牌 2、ZHONGLIANGDANWEI:

                中棋棋牌 DUN(T)=103QIANKE

                QIANKE(Kg)=103KE

                中棋棋牌 KE(g)=103HAOKE

                HAOKE(mg)=10-3WEIKE

                WEIKE(μg)=10-6KE

                NAKE(ng)=10-9KE

                3、TIJIDANWEI:

                FANG(m3)=103SHENG

                SHENG(L)=103HAOSHENG

                中棋棋牌 MEIZHIJIALUN(G)=3.78SHENG

                中棋棋牌 4、ZHONGLIANGTIJIBI(RONGYENONGDU):

                中棋棋牌 1 ppm=1mg/L    (BAIWANFENZHIYINONGDU)

                1 ppb=1μg/L    (SHIYIFENZHIYINONGDU)

                1 ppt=1 ng/L     (WANYIFENZHIYINONGDU)

                5、YALIDANWEI:

                中棋棋牌 QIANKELI/PINGFANGLIMI(kg/cm2)=0.1ZHAOPASIKA(Mpa)

                6、DIANDAOLV

                DIANDAOLVSHIBIAOSHISHUIZHONGRONGJIELIZIDAODIANNENGLIDEZHIBIAO。MEIYOULIZIDELIXIANGCHUNSHUI,BUHUICHANSHENGDIANLIU。DIANDAO LVYONGDIANDAOLVYICELIANG,QIDANWEIWEIWEIXIMENZI/LIMI(μs/cm)。DIANDAOLVYESHICELIANGSHUIZHONGLIZINONGDUDEJIANBIANFANGFA,DANBUNENGJINGQUEFANYINGLIZIZHONGLEI。LIZIGOUCHENGBUTONG,DIANDAOZHIYEBUTONG;DANDIANDAODESHUZHISUILIZINONGDUZENGJIAERZENGJIA。TDS(RONGJIEGUTIZONGLIANG)YISHILIYONGBIANHUANYINZIJIANGDIANDAOLVZHIZHUANHUANWEITDSZHI。ZAISHUIZHIFENXIZHONG,KEYONGBUTONGLIZIDUIYINGDEBUTONGZHUANHUANXISHUHUORONGJIEGUTIZONGLIANG(TDS)DUIYINGDEDANYIZHUANHUANXISHU,GUSUANDIANDAOLVDESHUZHI。KEYONGERYANGHUATANDEppmNONGDUDEPINGFANGGENCHENGYI0.6QIUDEQIDIANDAOLV;GUILIZIDUIDIANDAOLVBIANHUABUCHANSHENGYINGXIANG。ROGAOCHUNSHUIZUIJINGQUEDEDIANDAOLVSHUZHISHIZAIXIANCELIANGDE。FOUZE,GAOCHUNSHUIBAOLUYUKONGQIZHIZHONG,JIANGGAIBIANQIERYANGHUATANHANLIANG。DAOZHIDIANDAOLVJIANGDI。

                7、 DIANZUZHI (MΩ.cm)

                DIANDAOLV(μs/cm)HE DIANZUZHI (MΩ.cm)QISHUZHIHUWEIDAOSHUZHI,WEISHUIDECHUNDUDECEDINGFANGFADANWEIZHIYI。SHUIZHONGHANYOUYINYANGLIZI,LIZIWEIDAODIANJIEZHI,TONGGUOCELIANGSHUIDEDIANDAOLV(DIANZUZHI)KEYIBIAOMINGSHUIZHONGDESUOHANLIZIDEDUOSHAO,YOUCIJIANJIEFANYINGLESHUIDECHUNDUDEGAODI。TONGCHANG,WOMENXIGUANYONGDIANDAOLVFANYINGCHUNSHUIDECHUNDU,YONGDIANZULVFANYINGCHAOCHUNSHUIDECHUNDU。DIANDAOGUOJIDANWEIWEIXIMENZI(Siemens),DAIHAOWEIS,CHUNSHUIDEDIANDAOZHIHENDI,CHANGYONGμSBIAOSHI。DIANZUGUOJIDANWEIWEIOUMU,DAIHAOWEIΩ,CHAOCHUNSHUIDEDIANZUZHIHENDA,CHANGYONGMΩBIAOSHI。

                中棋棋牌 5μs/cm=0.2MΩ.cm

                中棋棋牌 1μs/cm=1MΩ.cm

                中棋棋牌 0.5μs/cm=2MΩ.cm

                中棋棋牌 0.2μs/cm=5MΩ.cm

                0.1μs/cm=10MΩ.cm

                18.25MΩ.cm=0.055μs/cm

                中棋棋牌 8、TDSZHI

                中棋棋牌  ZHISHUIZHONGRONGJIEXINGGUXINGWUZONGHANLIANG(Total Dissolved SolidsSUOXIE),TONGCHANGYONGYICELIANGYUANSHUIDESHUIZHI,CELIANGGONGJUJISHITDSBI,CELIANGYUANLISHIJISHANGSHITONGGUOCELIANGSHUIDEDIANDAOLVCONGERJIANJIEFANYINGCHUTDSZHI。SHUIZHONGRONGJIEDEKERONGXINGGUXINGWUYUEDUO,TADETDSZHIYUEDA,SHUIDEDIANDAOLVYEYUEDA,TONGCHANGTDSZHIYUEWEIDIANDAOLVCESHIZHIDE1/2,ZHONGGUOZHANGJIANGLIUYUCHENGSHIZILAISHUITDSZHITONGCHANGWEI100~200ppm,HUANGHELIUYUZILAISHUITDSZHITONGCHANGWEI300~600ppm。

                中棋棋牌 BEIZHU:TDSZHIYUSHUIDEHANYANLIANG(YECHENGKUANGHUADU)SHIBUTONGDELIANGZHONGGAINIAN,TDSZHITONGCHANGDAYUSHUIDEHANYANLIANG,YINWEITDSBUJINBAOKUOSHUIDERONGJIEYANLIANG,HAIBAOKUOLERONGJIEDEYOUJIWUZHI。ZHIYOUZAISHUIHENGANJINGYOUJIWUHANLIANGHENDIDEQIANTIXIA,CAIKEYONGTDSZHIJINSIBIAOSHISHUIDEHANYANLIANG(HUOKUANGHUADU)。GUOBIAOSHENGHUOYINYONGSHUIDETDSZHIYAOQIUWEI≤100ppm。

                9、ZHUODU

                    YOUYUSHUIZHONGHANYOUXUANFUJIJIAOTIZHUANGTAIDEWEILIERFASHENGHUNZHUOXIANXIANG,QIHUNZHUODECHENGXUJICHENGWEIHUNZHUODU(DANWEIWEI“DU”),1SHENGDESHUIZHONGHANYOU1mgDESiO2(ERYANGHUAGUI)DEHUNZHUOCHENGDUJIWEI1DU,GUOBIAOSHENGHUOYINYONGSHUIDEZHUODUYAOQIUWEIXIAOYU5DU。

                中棋棋牌 10、PHZHI

                PHZHIBIAOSHISHUIZHONGH+NONGDUDEFUDUISHUZHI,YECHENGWEIQINGLIZIZHISHU,PHZHINENGGOUBIAOSHICHURONGYESUANXING、JIANXINGDEBIANHUAFUDUDESHULIANGJIDEDAXIAO。

                中棋棋牌 QIANGSUANXINGSHUIRONGYE:PH<5.0

                RUOSUANXINGSHUIRONGYE:PH=5.0~6.4

                ZHONGXINGSHUIRONGYE: PH=6.5~8.0

                RUOJIANXINGSHUIRONGYE:PH=8.1~10

                QIANGJIANXINGSHUIRONGYE:PH>10

                中棋棋牌 11.TUOYANLVHETOUYANLV

                TUOYANLV――TONGGUOFANSHENTOUMOCONGXITONGJINSHUIZHONGQUCHUKERONGXINGZAZHINONGDUDEBAIFENBI。

                中棋棋牌 TUOYANLV=(1-CHANSHUIHANYANLIANG/JINSHUIHANYANLIANG)×100%

                中棋棋牌 TOUYANLV――JINSHUIZHONGKERONGXINGZAZHITOUGUOMODEBAIFENBI.。

                TOUYANLV=100%-TUOYANLV

                中棋棋牌 HUISHOULV=(CHANSHUILIANG/JINSHUILIULIANG)×100%


                第二章水中的杂质

                中棋棋牌 H2O=H++OH-

                中棋棋牌 ZAIZIRANJIEZHONG,DANCHUNYOUH2OFENZIGOUCHENGDECHUNSHUISHIBUCUNZAIDE,SHUIZHONGTONGCHANGHANYOUYIXIAGEZHONGZAZHI:

                1、KELIWUZHI:SHUIZHONGBURONGXINGDEDAYU10μmDEWUJIHEYOUJIZAZHI(QIZHONGDAYU40μmDEROUYANKEJIAN),RUZILAISHUIZHONGCHANGYOUDENISHA、JINSHUYANGHUAWUHUOQINGYANGHUAWUDENG。

                中棋棋牌 2、LIZIWUZHI:ZHIRONGYUSHUIHOUJIELIWEIYIN、YANGLIZIDEWUZHI,SHUIZHONGYIN、YANGLIZIDEZONGHECHENGZUOSHUIDEHANYANLIANG。SHUIZHONGTIEMENG(Fe2+、Mn2+)HANLIANGCHAOBIAO(>0.3mg/L),YINGTONGGUOMENGSHAGUOLVQIHUOPUQIZHUANGZHIQUCHUTIEMENGLIZI,FOUZEJIANGHUIDUIROMOXINGCHENGBUKEQINGCHUDECHENJIWUDU。

                中棋棋牌 3、JIAOTI:ANDAXIAO,JIAOTISHIJIEYULIZIHEKELIWUZHIJIANDEWUZHI,QICHICUNZAI0.1μm~0.01μm,TONGCHANGDAIYOUFUDIANHE,YIYUYOUJIWUZHIJIEHE。

                4、YOUJIWU:WUZHIKEFENWEIYOUJIWUHEWUJIWULIANGDALEI,TANQINGLEIHUAHEWUSHUYOUJIWU,FEITANQINGLEIHUAHEWUWEIWUJIWU。YOUJIWUTONGCHANGKEYIRANSHAO,WEIGOUCHENGSHENGMINGDEZHUYAOWUZHI。TIANRANYOUJIWUZHUYAOWEISHUISHENGSHENGWUCHANSHENGDEFUZHISUAN。JINNIANLAI,GONGYEFEIYE、FEILIAO、SHACHONGJIDENGRENGONGHECHENGYOUJIWUDUISHUIHUANJINGYOUHENDAWURAN。RONGJIEYUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWUZHI,ZHUYAOSHIDUOGONGNENGTUANFANGXIANGZULEIDEDAFENZIRUOXINGYOUJISUAN,YIXIFUZAIROMOLVCENGERDAOZHIROMOXINGNENGDESHUAITUI。

                中棋棋牌 5、QITI:O2、CO2、NH3、N2DENGBUFENQITIKERONGYUSHUI,ZAISHUIZHONGFANYINGHOUSHENGCHENGMOUXIESUANGENLIZI,YINGXIANGCHENGPINSHUIDESHUIZHI。CHAOCHUNSHUIRUOCHANGFANGYUKONGQIZHONG,SHUIZHIJIXUNSUXIAJIANG。

                中棋棋牌 6、WEISHENGWU:XIJUN、BINGDU、BAOZIDENG,QICHICUNWEIWEIMIJI。

                7、REYUAN:CHUNSHUISHUJIDIYINGYANGHUANJINGZHISHUITI,DANRENGYOUSHAOLIANGXIJUN——GELANYINXINGLEIXIJUNKEYISHENGCUN,QIJIYOUDAOJUNLEIJINRURENTIXUEYE,HUIDAOZHIFARE,GAOSHAOSHENZHISIWANG,GUCHENGWEIREYUAN(YOUCHENGWEINEIDUSU)。ZHUSHEYONGSHUIHESHENGWUXIBAOLEISHIYANYONGSHUIYAOQIUBIXUQUCHUREYUAN。

                ZHU:NEIDUSU(Endotoxin),YOUMINGZHIDUOTANG(Lipopolysaccharide,LPS),ZHUYAOSHIGELANSHIYINXINGXIJUN(Gram-Negative Bacterial,GNB)HECHENGDEYIZHONGDUSU,SHIXIJUNXIBAOBIDEWAIBUJIEGOUYOUO-TEYIXINGCELIAN、HEXINDUOTANG、LEIZHIAZUCHENG。QIZHONGHEXINDUOTANGFENWEILIANJIEO-TEYILIANDEWAIHEBUFENHELIANJIELEIZHIADENEIHEBUFEN,NEIHEBUFENHANYOUGENGTANGDE2-TONGJI-3-TUOYANGXINSUAN(KDO)LIANGZHONGTESHUDETANGLEIFENZI,ERKDOHELEIZHIAJUYOUDUXING[1]。ZHEIXIECHENGFENXINGZHIWENDING,NAIRE、DUXINGJIAOWAIDUSURUO,DUIZUZHIQIGUANWUXUANZEXING[2]。RENMENYIZHUJIANRENSHIDAOGANRANZHUANGTAISUOZHIDEQUANSHENYANXINGFANYINGZONGHEZHENG(SIRS)YIJIJINYIBUEHUAFAZHANCHENGWEIDUOQIGUANGONGNENGZHANGAIZONGHEZHENG(MODS)SHIYANZHONGGANRANHUANZHEZOUXIANGSIWANGDEZHUYAOTUJING,ERGAIEXINGJINZHANDEGUANJIANQIDONGYINZIJIWEINEIDUSU[4]。NEIDUSUKEZHIJIEHEYIXILIESUZHUYANXINGXIBAORUDANHEXIBAO、ZHONGXINGZHANXIBAO、NEIZHIXIBAOXIANGHUZUOYONG,CIJIQISHIFANGZHONGLIUHUAISIYINZI(TNF)HEBAIJIESU1(IL-1)DENGXIBAOYINZI。DANGJITIJIESHOUDALIANGDENEIDUSUCIJISHI,JIANGCHUFAQIANGLIDEYANZHENGFANYING,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIBAIXUEXINGXIUKE[3]。

                中棋棋牌 8、XIAODUJI:YUANSHUIJINGZILAISHUIGONGSICHULIHOU,SHUIZHONGHUILIUYOUCILVSUANNADENGXIAODUJI,YULVWEIQIANGYANGHUAWUZHIDUIROMOYOUXIANGDANGDEPOHUAIZUOYONG,GUYAOYIHUOXINGTANDANYUANLVCHUYULV。KEYISHIROMOCHANSHUILIANGJIADATUOYANLVJIANGDI。

                第三章水的分类

                ZAIBUTONGDECHANGHE,SHUIYOUBUTONGDEZHONGLEIQUBIE,QISHUIZHIYIYOUMINGXIANDECHABIE。

                中棋棋牌 1、DIXIASHUIYUDIBIAOSHUI

                DIXIASHUI——YOUJIWUHEWEISHENGWUWURANJIAOSHAO,ERGAIMEIDENGLIZIZERONGJIEJIAODUO,YINGDUJIAOGAOYIJIESHUIGOU;YOUSHITIE/MENG/FULIZICHAOBIAO,BUNENGMANZUSHENGCHANSHENGHUOYONGSHUIXUQIU。

                DIBIAOSHUI——JIAODIXIASHUIYOUJIWUHEWEISHENGWUWURANJIAODUO,RUGUOGAIDISHUSHIHUIYANDIQU,QIDIBIAOSHUIWANGWANGYEYOUJIAODADEYINGDU,RUSICHUANDEDEYANG、MIANYANG、GUANGYUAN、ABADENGDIQU。

                中棋棋牌 2、YINGSHUIYURUANSHUI

                中棋棋牌 YINGSHUI——SHUIZHONGGAIMEIDENGJINSHULIZIDEZONGNONGDUCHENGWEIYINGDU,YINGSHUIDUIGUOLUDENGSHENGCHANYONGSHUIYINGXIANGHENDA,YINGDUIQIJINXINGRUANHUA/TUOYANCHULI。YINGDUDAYU200mg/LDETONGCHANGJIUCHENGZHIWEIYINGSHUI。

                中棋棋牌 RUANSHUI——JIYINGDUJIAOXIAODESHUI。

                3、YUANSHUIYUJINGSHUI

                YUANSHUI——TONGCHANGSHIZHISHUICHULISHEBEIDEJINSHUI,RUCHANGYONGDECHENGSHIZILAISHUI(GUOJICHENGWEISHENGHUOYINYONGSHUI)/CHENGJIAODIXIASHUI/YEWAIDIBIAOSHUIDENG,CHANGYITDSZHI(SHUIZHONGRONGJIEXINGZONGGUTIHANLIANG)JIANCEQISHUIZHI,ZHONGGUOCHENGSHIZILAISHUITDSZHITONGCHANGWEI100~400ppm。

                JINGSHUI——YUANSHUIJINGGUOSHUICHULISHESHICHULIHOUJICHENGZHIWEIJINGSHUI。

                4、CHUNJINGSHUIYUZHENGLIUSHUI

                CHUNJINGSHUI——YUANSHUIJINGGUOFANSHENTOUHESHAJUNZHUANGZHIDENGCHENGTAOSHUICHULISHESHIHOU,CHUQULEYUANSHUIZHONGJUEDABUFENWUJIYANLIZI、WEISHENGWUHEYOUJIWUZAZHI,KEYIZHIJIESHENGYINDECHUNSHUI。

                中棋棋牌 ZHENGLIUSHUI——YIZHENGLIUFANGSHIZHIBEIDECHUNSHUI,TONGCHANGBUYONGYUYINYONG。

                5、CHUNSHUIHECHAOCHUNSHUI

                CHUN SHUI——YIFANSHENTOU、ZHENGLIU、LIZIJIAOHUANDENGFANGFAZHIBEIDEQULIZISHUI,QITDSZHITONGCHANG<5PPm,DIANDAOLVTONGCHANG<10μs/cm(DIANZUZHI>0.1MΩ.cm)。

                CHAOCHUNSHUI——YILIZIJIAOHUAN、ZHENGLIU、DIANCHUYANDENGFANGFAJIANGCHUNSHUIJINYIBUTICHUNQULIZIJIDE,QITDSZHIBUKECE,DIANDAOLVTONGCHANG<0.1μs/cm(DIANZUZHI>10MΩ.cm),QILIZIJIHUWANQUANQUCHU。LILUNSHANGZUICHUNSHUIDIANZUZHIWEI18.25 MΩ.cm。

                中棋棋牌 6、CHUNHUASHUIHEZHUSHEYONGSHUI

                中棋棋牌 CHUNHUASHUI——YIYAOXINGYEYONGCHUNSHUICHENGZHIWEICHUNHUASHUI,DIANDAOLVTONGCHANGYAOQIU<2μs/cm。

                中棋棋牌 ZHUSHEYONGSHUI——CHUNHUASHUIJINGDUOXIAOZHENGLIU/CHAOLVFAZAICITICHUNQUCHUREYUANHOUYONGYIPEIZHIZHUSHEJI。


                第四章水处理的基础知识

                (YI)、FANSHENTOUCHULIJISHU

                1、 SHENTOUJIBENYUANLI

                中棋棋牌 DANGCHUNSHUIHEYANSHUIBEILIXIANGBANTOUMOGEKAI,LIXIANGBANTOUMOZHIYUNXUSHUITONGGUOERZUZHIYANTONGGUO,CISHIMOCHUNSHUICEDESHUIHUIZIFADITONGGUOBANTOUMOLIURUYANSHUIYICE,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGCHENGWEISHENTOU,RUOZAIMODEYANSHUICESHIJIAYALI,NEIMESHUIDEZIFALIUDONGJIANGSHOUDAOYIZHIERJIANMAN,DANGSHIJIADEYALIDADAOMOUYISHUZHISHI,SHUITONGGUOMODEJINGLIULIANGDENGYULING,ZHEIGEYALICHENGWEISHENTOUYALI,DANGSHIJIAZAIMOYANSHUICEDEYALIDAYUSHENTOUYALISHI,SHUIDELIUXIANGJIUHUINIZHUAN,CISHI,YANSHUIZHONGDESHUIJIANGLIURUCHUNSHUICE,SHANGSHUXIANXIANGJIUSHISHUIDEFANSHENTOU(RO)CHULIDEJIBENYUANLI。

                2、FANSHENTOUJIANJIE 

                 RO(Reverse Osmosis)反渗透技术是利用压力差为动力的膜分离过滤技术,源于美国二十世纪六十年代宇航科技的研究,后逐渐转化为民用,目前已广泛运用于科研、医药、食品、饮料、海水淡化等领域。
                  RO反渗透膜(材质为芳香族聚酰胺复合材料)孔径小至纳米级(1纳米=10-9米),在一定的压力下,H2O分子可以通过RO膜,而源水中的无机盐、重金属离子、有机物、胶体、细菌、病毒等杂质无法通过RO膜,从而使可以透过的纯水和无法透过的浓缩水严格区分开来。
                中棋棋牌   RO膜过滤后的纯水电导率 ≤5 μs/cm, 符合国家实验室三级用水标准。再经过原子级离子交换柱循环过滤,出水电阻率可以达到18.2M .cm,超过国家实验室一级用水标准(GB682—92)。

                .TUOYANLVHETOUYANLV

                1YUANSHUISHUIZHI2YUANSHUIWENDU3YUANSHUIPHZHI4CAOZUOYALI5JINSHUILIULIANG6HUISHOULV..    HUISHOULV/15/100(CHANGJIASHUJU)  30/100(JIANYISHIYONGSHUJU)

                中棋棋牌 ROMOZAISHIYONGHEBAOCUNZHONGYOURUXIAZHUYISHIXIANG:

                中棋棋牌 TUOYANLV――TONGGUOFANSHENTOUMOCONGXITONGJINSHUIZHONGQUCHUKERONGXINGZAZHINONGDUDEBAIFENBI。

                TUOYANLV=(1-CHANSHUIHANYANLIANG/JINSHUIHANYANLIANG)×100%

                中棋棋牌 TOUYANLV――JINSHUIZHONGKERONGXINGZAZHITOUGUOMODEBAIFENBI.。

                TOUYANLV=100%-TUOYANLV

                HUISHOULV=(CHANSHUILIANG/JINSHUILIULIANG)×100%

                MOXINGHAOJIESHI:

                中棋棋牌 1812:  18BIAOSHIMODEZHIJING1.8YINGCUN*2.54=4.572LIMI;  12BIAOSHIMODEZHANGDU12*2.54=30.48LIMI3020:  30BIAOSHIMODEZHIJING3.0YINGCUN*2.54=7.62LIMI;    20BIAOSHIMODEZHANGDU20*2.54=50.8LIMI

                 3、SHENTOUYUCHULIMUDEJIKAOLVYINSU

                中棋棋牌 SHIYONGFANSHENTOUXITONGSHI,YOUQIYINGZHUYIYUANSHUIYUCHULI。WEILEBIMIANDUSAIFANSHENTOUXITONG,YUANSHUIYINGJINGYUCHULIYIXIAOCHUSHUIZHONGDEXUANFUWU,JIANGDISHUIDEZHUODU;CIWAI,HAIYINGJINXINGSHAJUNYIFANGWEISHENGWUDENIESHENGZHANGDA。YOUYUFANSHENTOUDUIYUANSHUIZHONGDEXUANFUWUDEYAOQIUHENGAO,SUOYICHANGYONGYIZHONGSHUIZHIDUISHOUXUANFUWUWURANQINGKUANGDEWURANZHISHULAIDUISHUIZHIJINXINGJIANCE。CIFASHIZHISHANGSHICEDINGFANSHENTOUXITONGSHOUSHUIZHONGXUANFUWUDEWUDUDEQINGKUANG。JINRUFANSHENTOUXITONGSHUIDEWURANZHISHUYIBUDAYU5WEIYI,JIANYIZHIYIBANXIAOYU3。YUCHULISHIHAIYINGGAIKAOLVDAOJINSHUIDEpHZHI。GEZHONGBANTOUMODOUYOUQIZUISHIYIDEYUNXINGpHZHI,GUXUANFANSHENTOUMODEYAOQIU,DIAOJIEJINSHUIDEpHZHI。YUCHULISHIHAIYINGGAIKAOLVDAOJINSHUIDEWENDU。MODETOUSHUILIANGSHISUISHUIWENDEZENGGAOERZENGDADE,DANWENDUGUOGAOHUIJIAKUAICUSUANXIANWEISUMODESHUIJIESUDU,QIESHIYOUJIMOBIANRUAN,YIYUYASHI。SUOYI,DUIYUYOUJIMOLAISHUO,TONGCHANGJIANGWENDUKONGZHIZAIYUE20—40℃FANWEINEIWEIYI,FUHEMOWENDUKONGZHIZAIYUE5—45℃FANWEINEI

                4、MIEJUNDEBIYAOXING

                ZAISHUICHULIGONGYIZHONG,HUOXINGTANGUOLVQIYONGYUDUIYOUJIWUDEXIFUHEDUIGUOLIANGLV(YULV)DEXIFUQUCHU,DUIQIANZHEQUCHUNENGLIJIAOCHA,TONGCHANGWEI50%,DUIHOUZHEZEHENQIANG,KEYIWANQUANTUOCHUYULV,ZHEISHIYOUYUZAIDUIYULVXIFUDETONGSHI,HAIYOUZISHENBEILVHUADEZUOYONG。HUOXINGTANXIFUSHUIZHONGYINGYANGWUZHI,KEYICHENGWEIXIJUNWEISHENGWUDEWENCHUANG,WEISHENGWUDUISHUIDEZULIYINGXIANGJIAODA,YINCI,YINGDINGQIJINXINGFANXICHULI。RUGUOFANXIBUNENGZOUXIAOSHI,YINGJINXINGMIEJUNCHULI。SHIJISHANG,ANZHAOJINSHUIZHUODUANPAIHELIDEFANCHONGXIZHIDUGENGJUYOUSHIJIYIYI,YOUYUWEISHENGWUMOYUWEISHENGWUNIANNINANYUQINGJING,CAIQUKONGQICAXISHIBIYAODE。

                5、YUCHULIZHONGMIEJUNYINGZENYANGZUO

                中棋棋牌 SHUIDECHANGGUIMIEJUNCHULIWEITOUYAOYUZIWAIXIANMIEJUN。LIRUMUQIANGUANGFANZUOWEIYINLIAOSHUIDECHUNJINGSHUIJIUSHIJINGFANSHENTOUTUOYANHOU,ZAIJINGZIWAIXIANSHAJUNCHULIDE。XIAORONGLIANGYONGSHUI(XIAOYU10t/h),KEYISHIYONGERYANGHUALVHUOCHOUYANGSHAJUN。GONGYESHANGSHENGCHANZHONGZEYILVQIHUOCILVSUANNAWEIDUOJIAN,YEKESHIYONGERYANGHUALVHUOCHOUYANG。WAIGOUDELVQIYONGGANGPINGZHUCUN,YONGJIALVJITOUJIA,DIANJIESHIYAN(HUOHAISHUI)DEDAODESHICILVSUANNA,WUXUZHUANYONGTOUJIASHEBEI,JIKESONGRUBEICHULISHUIZHONG。

                中棋棋牌 CHOUYANGYONGJINGHUAGUODEKONGQIJINGGAOYAFANGDIANZHUANGZHIZHIQU,MUQIANYOUZHONGXIAOXINGCHOUYANGFASHENGQIYONGYUXIAOQUGONGSHUIHUOZHONGYANGKONGDIAOLENGQUESHUIXITONGDEMIEJUN,TONGYANGSHIYONGYUFANSHENTOUZHUANGZHIDEMIEJUNCHULI,DUOYUDECHOUYANGTONGYANGKEYIYONGHUOXINGTANXISHOUCHULI。ERYANGHUALVKEYOULVSUANNAZHIQU,ZAIYINYONGSHUICHULIHEGONGYELENGQUESHUICHULIZHONGSHIYONGDEYEHENDUO。LVSUANNAYOUBAOZHAWEIXIAN,YINGJINSHENSHIYONG。

                中棋棋牌 ZAIFANSHENTOUSHUICHULIGONGYIZHONG,CHULEYUNZHUANZHONGDESHAJUNZHIWAI,HAIYOUSHEBEITINGYONGZHONGDESHAJUNWENTI。TONGCHANGZAITINGJI48hYINEIKEYONGYUANSHUICHONGXI,CHAOGUO48hKEYONG1.5%YALIUSUANQINGNAYEBAOCUN,DADAO2ZHOUYINGSHIYONGJIAQUANXIAODUYESHAJUNHUOCHANGJIATIGONGDEXIAODUYEMIEJUN。WANWANBUKEYONGSHISHOUDE84XIAODUYEDUIMOYUANJIANSHAJUN!

                6、RUHEJIANSHAOGUZHANGHEJIANGDIFANSHENTOUQINGXIPINLV

                JIANSHAOGUZHANGHEJIANGDIFANSHENTOUQINGXIPINLV,YINGGAICAIQUYIXIACUOSHI。

                a) ZAIQUDESHUIZHIQUANFENXIDEJICHUSHANGSHEJIFANSHENTOUXITONG;

                b) ZAIJINXINGSHEJIQIANQUEDINGROJINSHUISDIZHI;

                c) RUGUOJINSHUISHUIZHIBIANHUA,XUYAOZUOCHUXIANGYINGDESHEJIDIAOZHENG;

                d) BIXUBAOZHENGZUGOUDEYUCHULI;

                中棋棋牌 e) XUANZEZHENGQUEDEMOYUANJIAN,CUSUANXIANWEISUMOHUOZHEDIWURANMOYUANJIANDUIYUCHULIBIJIAOFUZADEDIBIAOSHUIHUOWUSHUIKENENGGENGWEISHIYONG;

                f) XUANZEBIJIAOBAOSHOUDESHUITONGLIANG;

                g) XUANZEHELIDESHUIHUISHOULV;

                h) SHEJIZUGOUDEHENGXIANGLIUSUJINONGSHUILIUSU;

                中棋棋牌 i) DUIYUNXINGSHUJUJINXINGBIAOZHUNHUA。

                中棋棋牌 7、MOYUANJIANZHANGQITINGYONGBAOHUCUOSHIRUHE

                中棋棋牌 ZHANGQITINGYONGBAOHUFANGFASHIYONGYUTINGZHISHIYONG30TIANYISHANG,MOYUANJIANRENGANZHUANGZAIYALIRONGQIZHONGDEFANSHENTOUXITONGZHONG,BAOHUCUOSHIDEJUTIBUZHOURUXIA:

                a) QINGXIXITONGZHONGDEMOYUANJIAN;

                b) YONGFANSHENTOUCHANCHUSHUIPEIZHISHAJUNYE,BINGYONGSHAJUNYECHONGXIFANSHENTOUXITONG。SHAJUNJIDEXUANYONGJISHAJUNYEDEPEIZHIFANGFAKECANJIANMOGONGSIXIANGYINGJISHUWENJIANHUOYUMOGONGSIDANGDIDAIBIAOCHULIANXIYIHUOQUYOUGUANJISHUJIANYI;

                c) YONGSHAJUNYECHONGMANFANSHENTOUXITONGHOU,GUANBIXIANGGUANFAMENSHISHAJUNYEBAOLIUYUXITONGZHONG,CISHIYINGQUERENXITONGWANQUANCHONGMAN;

                d) RUGUOXITONGWENDUDIYU27℃,YINGMEIGE30TIANYONGXINDESHAJUNYEJINXINGQIANLIANGGEBUZHOU,RUGUOXITONGWENDUGAOYU27℃,ZEYINGMEIGE15TIANGENGHUANYICIBAOHUYE(SHAJUNYE);

                e) ZAIFANSHENTOUXITONGZHONGXINTOURUSHIYONGQIAN,YONGDIYAJISHUICHONGXIXITONG1h,RANHOUZAIYONGGAOYAJISHUICHONGXIXITONG5—10min,WULUNDIYACHONGXIHAISHIGAOYACHONGXISHI,XITONGDECHANSHUIPAIFANGFAJUNYINGQUANBUDAKAI。ZAIHUIFUXITONGZHIZHENGCHANGCAOZUOQIAN,YINGJIANCHABINGQUERENCHANPINSHUIZHONGBUHANYOURENHESHAJUNJI。

                8、MOYUANJIANZHANGQITINGYONGBAOHUCUOSHIRUHE

                中棋棋牌 FANGXIANGZUJUXIANANFANSHENTOUFUHEMOYUANJIANZAIRENHEQINGKUANGXIADOUBUYINGGAIYUHANYOUCANYULVDESHUIJIECHU,FOUZEJIANGJIMOYUANJIANZAOCHENGWUFAXIUFUDESUNSHANG。ZAIDUIROSHEBEIJIGUANLUJINXINGSHAJUN、HUAXUEQINGXIHUOHUOFENGRUBAOHUYESHIYINGJUEDUIBAOZHENGPEIZHIYAOYEDESHUIZHONGBUHANRENHECANYULV。RUGUOWUFAQUEDINGSHIFOUYOUCANLIULVCUNZAI,YINGJINXINGHUAXUECEDING。ZAIYOUCANLIULVCUNZAISHI,YINGSHIYONGYALIUSUANQINGNAHAIYUANCANYULV,BINGBAOCHIZUGOUDEJIECHUSHIJIANYIBAOZHENGHAIYUANWANQUAN。

                中棋棋牌 DUANQIBAOCUNFANGFASHIYONGYUNEIXIETINGZHIYUNXING5—30TIANDEFANSHENTOUXITONG。CISHIFANSHENTOUMOYUANJIANRENGANZHUANGZAIROXITONGDEYALIRONGQINEI。BAOCUNCAOZUODEJUTIBUZHOURUXIA:

                中棋棋牌 (1) YONGJISHUICHONGXIFANSHENTOUXITONG,TONGSHIZHUYIJIANGQITICONGXITONGZHONGWANQUANPAICHU;

                (2) JIANGYALIRONGQIJIXIANGGUANGUANLUCHONGMANSHUIHOU,GUANBIFAMEN,FANGZHIQITIJINRUXITONG;

                中棋棋牌 (3) MEIGE5TIANANSHANGSHUFANGFACHONGXIYICI。

                OXINGQUANPOHUAIDUIMODEYINGXIANG:

                中棋棋牌 RUGUOFANSHENTOUHUONALVXITONGZHONGMOUYIXILIEHUOMOUYIZHIYALIWAIQIAODECHANSHUI,CHUXIANHANYANLIANG(DIANDAOLV)YICHANGSHENGGAO,ZHEIJIUMINGXIANDISHUOMING,“O”XINGQUANYOUSHENLOUHUOGAICHUDEYUANJIANYOUGUZHANG。QUEDINGGUZHANGDEGUANJIANZAIYUSUOSHEJIDEMOXITONGYINGNENGGOUFANGBIANZHENDUANHEJIANBIECHURENHEXINGNENGYOUYICHANGDEMOYUANJIANHUOXITONGBUJIAN:MEIZHIYALIRONGQIYINGSHEZHIQUYANGKOU,ZHUANGZHICHANSHUIYINGFENDUANYIBIANYUCONGCHUXIANWENTIDEZONGCHANSHUIZHONG,ZHUIZONGDAOYOUWENTIDEYALIRONGQI,ERMEIZHIYALIRONGQIYOUYINGYUNXUCONGCHANSHUIGUANNEICHARUQUYANGGUANTANCECHANSHUIDIANDAOLV,YIQUEDINGGUZHANGJUTIWEIZHI。“OXINGQUANXIELOUSHIZUICHANGJIANDESHUIZHIXIAJIANGDEYUANYIN,DANSHIRUGUOYIJINGBIANBIECHUMOUZHIYUANJIANYOUGUZHANGSHI,WOMENJIANYIJIANGTAJIEPOUKAILAI,YIQUEDINGWENTISUOZAI,TAOSHIHUAXUEYETIGONGGEZHONGMOGUZHANGFENXIDESHOUFEIFUWU。

                中棋棋牌 9.、DUOJIEZHIGUOLVQIDELVLIAOXUANZEYINGZHUYISHENME

                DUOJIEZHIGUOLVQI(HANSHUANGLVLIAOGUOLVQI)DEGUOLVCAILIAOYINGYOUZUGOUDEHUAXUEWENDINGXING,GEJIEZHIDEXIANGDUIMIDUHELIJINGYINGYOUYIDINGCHABIE,YOUWUYANMEIYUSHIYINGSHAZUCHENGDESHUANGCENGLVLIAOGUOLVQISUOYONGDEWUYANMEIXIANGDUIMIDUWEI1.4—1.6,LIJINGWEI0.8—1.8mm,SHIYINGSHAXIANGDUIMIDUWEI2.6—2.65,LIJINGWEI0.5—1.2mm;3CENGLVLIAOGUOLVQICHULEYISHANGLIANGZHONGLVLIAOWAIHAIKEYIYONGMENGSHA、CITIEKUANGZHILEIDEZHONGZHIKUANGSHI,QIXIANGDUIMIDUWEI4.7—5.0,LIJINGWEI0.5—4mm。

                YINGGAIZHUYIDESHI,DUOJIEZHIGUOLVQISUIRANYOUYIDINGDEJIANHUAYUCHULIXITONGZUOYONG,DANSHIBUNENGYIYIZHONGGUOLVQIDAITIBIXUSHEZHIDEQITALVQI,ZHEIZHUYAOQUJUEYUYUANSHUIQINGKUANG。RUGUOSHIYONGZILAISHUIZUOYUANSHUI,TONGCHANGKEYIMIANCHUGUOLVQI,ZHIJIEPEIZHIHUOXINGTANGUOLVQIJIKE;RUGUOSHIYONGSHENJINGSHUIZUOYUANSHUI,SHENJINGSHUIDETIE、MENGDENGBIANJIALIZIHANLIANGHENDI,SHIYONGDUOJIEZHIGUOLVQIJIKE;RUGUOSHIYONGHECHUANGQIANJINGSHUIZEHAIYINGBUZHIXISHAGUOLVQIZUOQIANZHIGUOLV;RUGUOSHIYONGDIBIAOSHUIZUOYUANSHUI,ZEHUNNINGHEDUOJIGUOLVDOUSHIBIYAODE。

                中棋棋牌 (ER)EDIDIANCHUYAN

                1、YUANLIJIESHAO

                EDI(Elcctrodeionization)SHIYIZHONGJIANGLIZIJIAOHUANJISHU、LIZIJIAOHUANMOJISHUHELIZIDIANQIANYIJISHUXIANGJIEHEDECHUNSHUIZHIZAOJISHU。TAQIAOMIAODEJIANGDIANSHENXIHELIZIJIAOHUANJISHUXIANGJIEHE,LIYONGLIANGDUANDIANJIGAOYASHISHUIZHONGDAIDIANLIZIYIDONG,BINGPEIHELIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIJIXUANZEXINGSHUZHIMOYIJIASULIZIYIDONGQUCHU,CONGERDADAOSHUICHUNHUADEMUDE。ZAIEDICHUYANGUOCHENGZHONG,LIZIZAIDIANCHANGZUOYONGXIATONGGUOLIZIJIAOHUANMOBEIQINGCHU。TONGSHI,SHUIFENZIZAIDIANCHANGZUOYONGXIACHANSHENGQINGLIZIHEQINGYANGGENLIZI,ZHEIXIELIZIDUILIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIJINXINGLIANXUZAISHENG,YISHILIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIBAOCHIZUIJIAZHUANGTAI。

                EDISHESHIDECHUYANLVKEYIGAODA99%YISHANG,RUGUOZAIEDIZHIQIANSHIYONGFANSHENTOUSHEBEIDUISHUIJINXINGCHUBUCHUYAN,ZAIJINGEDICHUYANJIUKEYISHENGCHANCHUDIANZULVGAODACHENG18M .cmYISHANGDECHAOCHUNSHUI。 EDI MODUISHIYOUJIAZAILIANGGEDIANJIZHIJIANYIDINGDUISHUDEDANYUANZUCHENG。ZAIMEIGEDANYUANNEIYOULIANGLEIBUTONGDESHI:DAICHUYANDEDANSHUISHIHESHOUJISUOCHUQUZAZHILIZIDENONGSHUISHI。DANSHUISHIZHONGYONGHUNYUNDEYANG、YINLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHITIANMAN,ZHEIXIESHUZHIWEIYULIANGGEMOZHIJIAN:ZHIYUNXUYANGLIZITOUGUODEYANGLIZIJIAOHUANMOJIZHIYUNXUYINLIZITOUGUODEYINLIZIJIAOHUANMO。SHUZHICHUANGLIYONGJIAZAISHILIANGDUANDEZHILIUDIANJINXINGLIANXUDIZAISHENG,DIANYASHIJINSHUIZHONGDESHUIFENZIFENJIECHENG H+JI OH-,SHUIZHONGDEZHEIXIELIZISHOUXIANGYINGDIANJIDEXIYIN,CHUANGUOYANG、YINLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIXIANGSUODUIYINGMODEFANGXIANGQIANYI,DANGZHEIXIELIZITOUGUOJIAOHUANMOJINRUNONGSHIHOU, H +HE OH-JIEHECHENGSHUI。ZHEIZHONG H+HE OH-DECHANSHENGJIQIANYIZHENGSHISHUZHIDEYISHIXIANLIANXUZAISHENGDEJILI。

                中棋棋牌 DANGJINSHUIZHONGDENa+JI CI-DENGZAZHILIZIXIFUDAOXIANGYINGDELIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHISHANGSHI,ZHEIXIEZAZHILIZIJIUHUIFASHENGXIANGPUTONGHUNCHUANGNEIYIYANGDELIZIJIAOHUANFANYING,BINGXIANGYINGDIZHIHUANCHU H+JI OH-。YIDANZAILIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHINEIDEZAZHILIZIYEJIARUDAO H+JI OH-XIANGJIAOHUANMOFANGXIANGDEQIANYI,ZHEIXIELIZIJIANGLIANXUDICHUANGUOSHUZHIZHIZHITOUGUOJIAOHUANMOERJINRUNONGSHUISHI。ZHEIXIEZAZHILIZIYOUYUXIANGLINGESHIJIAOHUANMODEZUDANGZUOYONGERBUNENGXIANGDUIYINGDIANJIDEFANGXIANGJINYIBUDIQIANYI,YINCIZAZHILIZIDEYIJIZHONGDAONONGSHUISHIZHONG,RANHOUKEJIANGZHEIZHONGHANYOUZAZHILIZIDENONGSHUIPAICHUMODUI。

                2、XITONGTEDIAN

                中棋棋牌 ⊙ CHANSHUISHUIZHIGAOERWENDING。

                ⊙ LIANXUBUJIANDUANZHISHUI,BUYINZAISHENGERTINGJI。

                中棋棋牌 ⊙ WUXUHUAXUEYAOJIZAISHENG。

                中棋棋牌 ⊙ SHEXIANGZHOUDAODEDUIDIESHISHEJI,ZHANDIMIANJIXIAO。

                ⊙ CAOZUOJIANDAN、ANQUAN。

                中棋棋牌 ⊙ YUNXINGFEIYONGJIWEIXIUCHENGBENDI。

                ⊙ WUSUANJIANCHUBEIJIYUNSHUFEIYONG。

                中棋棋牌 ⊙ QUANZIDONGYUNXING,WUXUZHUANRENKANHU。

                CHUNSHUICHULIJISHUDEFAZHANZHUYAOJINGLILEYIN、YANGLIZIJIAOHUANQI+HUNHELIZIJIAOHUANQI;FANSHENTOU+HUNHELIZIJIAOHUANQI;FANSHENTOU+DIANQULIZIZHUANGZHIDENGJIEDUAN。“YUCHULI + FANSHENTOU + DIANQULIZI”ZHENGTAOCHUYANXITONG,YOUZHEQITACHULIXITONGWUKEBINIDEYOUDIAN,ZHENGBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUCHUNSHUI、GAOCHUNSHUIDEZHIBEIZHONG。

                中棋棋牌 BENGONGSISHEJIDERO+EDI XITONGJIANGXIANJINCHENGSHUDE RO GONGYIHE EDI GONGYIJIEHELEQILAI,FANSHENTOUXITONGQUDAILECHUANTONGDEYANGYINLIZIJIAOHUANGONGYI,DIANCHUYANZHUANGZHIQUDAILECHUANTONGDEHUNHELIZIJIAOHUANQI,SHIWUXUHUAXUEYAOJIZAISHENGDECHUNSHUICHULIGONGYI。XITONGDEHUISHOULVQUJUEYUJINSHUIDESHUIZHIQINGKUANG, EDI DEHUISHOULVYOUNONGSHUIPAIFANGLIANGJINXINGKONGZHI。

                3、YINGYONGLINGYU

                ⊙DIANCHANGHUAXUESHUICHULI

                ⊙DIANZI、BANDAOTI、JINGMIJIXIEXINGYECHAOCHUNSHUI

                ⊙ZHIYAOGONGYEGONGYIYONGSHUI

                中棋棋牌 ⊙SHIPIN、YINLIAO、YINYONGSHUIDEZHIBEI

                中棋棋牌 ⊙HAISHUI、KUXIANSHUIDEDANHUA

                中棋棋牌 ⊙JINGXIHUAGONG、JINGJIANXUEKEYONGSHUI

                ⊙QITAXINGYESUOXUDEGAOCHUNSHUIZHIBEI

                中棋棋牌 (SAN)CHAOLV(UF)

                中棋棋牌 1748 NIAN, Schmidt YONGMIANHUAJIAOMOHUOLUMOFENLVRONGYE,DANGSHIJIAYIDINGYALISHI,RONGYE(SHUI)TOUGUOMO,ERDANBAIZHI、JIAOTIDENGWUZHIZEBEIJIELIUXIALAI,QIGUOLVJINGDUYUANYUANCHAOGUOLVZHI,YUSHITATICHUCHAOLVYIYU。 1896 NIAN, Martin ZHICHULEDIYIZHANGRENGONGCHAOLVMO。 20 SHIJI 60 NIANDAI,FENZILIANGJIGAINIANDETICHU,SHIXIANDAICHAOLVDEKAISHI,70NIANDAIHE80NIANDAISHIGAOSUFAZHANQI,90 NIANDAIYIHOUKAISHIQUYUCHENGSHU。

                超滤Ultrafiltration 同反渗透技术类似,是以压力为推动力的膜分离技术,属分子量水平的过滤,简称 UF 。在从反 渗透到微滤的分离范围的谱图中,居于纳滤( NF )与微滤( MF )之 间,截留分子量范围为 道尔顿(Dalton),超滤膜的孔径一般在 1 - 100nm 之间。
                中棋棋牌   超滤是以不对称多空性半透膜-超滤膜作为过滤介质,阻截溶液中各种大分子溶质、微粒、胶悬体,以达到分离纯化的目的。利用超滤器能有效地去除水中的微粒、胶体、细菌、热源和有机物,适用于以分离、浓缩、净化为目的的各种生产工艺中。高科技的生物工程、制药工程、精细化工等行业的液料分离、精制及浓缩需要更加安全、高效的方法,传统的真空浓缩、透析、冻干、离心分离等方法均有所欠缺;超滤技术以其使用过程简单。

                (SI)ZIWAIXIAOJIE(UV)

                1、YUANLIJIESHAO

                中棋棋牌 ZIWAIXIANSHIYIZHONGROUYANKANBUJIANDEGUANGBO,CUNZAIYUGUANGPUZIWAIXIANDUANDEWAICE,GUCHENGZHIWEIZIWAIXIAN,YIJUBUTONGDEBOZHANGFANWEI,BEIGEFENWEIA 、 B 、 C SANZHONGBODUAN,QIZHONGDE C BODUANZIWAIXIANBOZHANGZAI 240 - 260nm ZHIJIANWEIZUIYOUXIAODESHAJUNBODUAN,BODUANZHONGZHIBOZHANGZUIQIANGDIANSHI 253.7nm DANGZIWAIXIANSHEBEICHANSHENGDEZUGOUJILIANGDEQIANGZIWAIGUANGZHAOSHEDAOSHUI、YETIHUOKONGQISHI,QIZHONGDEGEZHONGXIJUN、BINGDU、WEISHENGWU、JISHENGCHONGHUOQITABINGYUANTIZAIZIWAIGUANG UV-C DEFUSHEXIA,XIBAOZUZHIZHONGDE DNA 、 RNA BEIPOHUAI,CONGERZUZHIZIXIBAODEZAISHENG ,ZIWAIXIANXIAODUSHEBEIZAIBUSHIYONGRENHEHUAXUEYAOJIDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIAODUANSHIJIANNEI(TONGCHANGWEI 0.2-5 MIAO)SHAMIELESHUIZHONG、YETIHUOKONGQIZHONG 99.9% YI  

                SHANGDEXIJUNHEBINGDU。KEXUESHIYANZHENGMING,BOZHANGZAI240-280nm DEZIWAIXIANJUBEIYOUGAOXIAOSHAJUNGONGNENG。

                XIANDAIZIWAIXIANXIAODUJISHUSHIJIYUXIANDAIFANGYIXUE、GUANGXUE、SHENGWUXUEHEWULIHUAXUEDEJICHUSHANG,LIYONGTESHUSHEJIDEGAOXIAOLV,GAOQIANGDUHEZHANGSHOUMINGDEC BODUANZIWAIGUANGFASHENGZHUANGZHI,CHANSHENGDEQIANGZIWAI C GUANGZHAOSHELIUSHUI(KONGQIHUOGUTIBIAOMIAN),DANGSHUI(KONGQIHUOGUTIBIAOMIAN)ZHONGDEGEZHONGXIJUN、BINGDU、JISHENGCHONG、SHUIZAOYIJIQITABINGYUANTISHOUDAOYIDINGJILIANGDEZIWAI C GUANGFUSHEHOU,QIXIBAOZHONGDE DNA JIEGOUSHOUDAOPOHUAI,CONGERZAIBUSHIYONGRENHEHUAXUEYAOWUDEQINGKUANGXIASHAMIESHUIZHONGDEXIJUN、BINGDU,YIJIQITAZHIBINGTI,DADAOXIAODUHEJINGHUADEMUDE。

                 ZIWAIXIANSHAJUNQIYI304 HUO 316L BUXIUGANGZUOZHUTICAILIAO,YIGAOCHUNSHIYINGGUANZUOTAOGUAN,PEIHEGAOXINGNENGDESHIYINGZIWAIXIANDIYAGONGXIAODUDENGGUAN,JUYOUSHAJUNLIQIANG,SHOUMINGZHANG、ZHIXINGWENDINGKEKAODENGYOUDIAN,QISHAJUNXIAOLV≥ 99% ,JINKOUDENGGUANSHIYONGSHOUMING≥ 9000 XIAOSHI,GAICHANPINYIGUANGFANYONGYUCHUNSHUICHULI。

                中棋棋牌 2、ZIWAIXIANSHAJUNQIDEWEIHU、BAOYANG:

                ① ZIWAIXIANSHAJUNQISHIYONGDEZUIJIATIAOJIANWEI:SHUIWEN: 5 ℃- 50 ℃JINRUCHULISHEBEIYINYONGSHUIDESHUIZHI,QI 1cm DETOUSHELVWEI 95% - 100% 。RUXUYAOCHULIDESHUIZHIDIYUGUOJIABIAOZHUNSHI,RUSEDUGAOYU 15 DU,ZHUODUGAOYU 5 DU,HANTIELIANGGAOYU 0.3 HAOKE / SHENG,XIANCAIYONGQITAJINGHUAHEGUOLVDENGFANGFA,SHIQIJINGHUADABIAOHOUYONGZIWAIXIANSHAJUNSHEBEI。

                ② DINGQIJIANCHA,QUEBAOZIWAIXIANDENGDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING。ZIWAIXIANDENGYINGCHIXUCHUYUKAIQIZHUANGTAI,FANFUKAIGUANHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGDENGGUANDESHIYONGSHOUMING。

                ③ DINGQIQINGXI:GENJUSHUIZHIQINGKUANG,ZIWAIXIANDENGGUANHESHIYINGBOLITAOGUANXUYAODINGQIQINGXI,YONGJIUJINGMIANQIUHUOSHABUCASHIDENGGUAN,QUCHUSHIYINGBOLITAOGUANSHANGWUGOUBINGCAJING,YIMIANYINGXIANGZIWAIXIANDETOUGUOLV,ERYINGXIANGSHAJUNXIAOGUO。

                ④ DENGGUANDEGENGHUAN:JINKOUDENGGUANLIANXUSHIYONG 9000 XIAOSHI,HUOYINIANZHIHOU,YINGGENGHUANZIWAIXIANDENGGUAN,YIQUEBAOGAOSHAJUNLV。GENGHUANDENGGUANSHI,XIANJIANGDENGGUANDIANYUANCHAZUOBADIAO,CHOUCHUDENGGUAN,ZAIJIANGCAJINGDEXINDENGGUANXIAOXINDICHARUSHAJUNQINEI,ZHUANGHAOMIFENGQUAN,JIANCHAYOUWULOUSHUIXIANXIANG,ZAICHASHANGDIANYUAN。ZHUYIWUYISHOUZHICHUJIXINDENGGUANDESHIYINGBOLI,FOUZEHUIYINWUDIANYINGXIANGSHAJUNXIAOGUO。

                ⑤ YUFANGZIWAIXIANFUSHE:ZIWAIXIANDUIXIJUNYOUQIANGDADESHASHANGLI,DUIRENTITONGYANGYOUYIDINGDESHANGHAI,QIDONGXIAODUDENGSHI,YINGBIMIANDUIRENTIZHIJIEZHAOSHE,BIYAOSHIKESHIYONGFANGHUYANJING,BUKEZHIJIEYONGYANJINGZHENGSHIGUANGYUAN,YIMIANZHUOSHANGYANMO。

                (WU)HUNCHUANGLIZIJIAOHUANQI

                中棋棋牌离子交换是通过离子交换树脂在电解质溶液中进行的,可去除水中的各种阴、阳离子,是目前制备高纯水工艺流程中不可替代的手段。当原水通过离子交换柱时,水中的阳离子和水中的阴离子与交换柱中的阳树脂的H+ 离子和阴树脂的 OH- 离子进行交换,从而达到脱盐的目的。阳、阴和混柱的不同组合可使水质达到更高的要求。

                HUNHECHUANGLIZIJIAOHUANQI,JIANCHENGHUNCHUANG,SHIJIANGYINYANGSHUZHIANYIDINGBILIZHUANGZHITIANZAITONGYIJIAOHUANQIZHONG,YUNXINGQIANJIANGTAMENHUNHEJUNYUN。CISHIBEICHULISHUIZAITONGGUOHUNHELIZIJIAOHUANCHUANGHOU,SUOCHANSHENGDEH+ HE OH- LIZILIJISHENGCHENGRONGJIEDUHENDIDESHUI。HUNHECHUANGCHUANLIANZAIFANSHENTOUHUOYIJIFUCHUANGCHUYANXITONGHOUMIAN,YONGYUCHUNSHUIHUOGAOCHUNSHUIDEZHIBEI。

                中棋棋牌 YANGLIZIJIAOHUANQINEIZHUANG001 × 7 XINGQIANGSUANXINGYANGLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHI(YONG 30% YANSUANZUOHAIYUANJI),DANGYUANSHUIJINRU H XING YANGLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIDEJIAOHUANQIZHONG,SHISHUIZHONGDEGEZHONGYANGLIZIHELIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHISHANGDE H+ FASHENGFANYING ,SHUIZHONGGEZHONGYANGLIZIBEIXIFUZAILIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHISHANG,ERLIZIJIAOHUANJISHANGDE H+ ZEDAOLESHUIZHONG,TAHESHUIZHONGGEZHONGYINLIZISHENGCHENGGEZHONGSUANLEI。RU HCl 、 H2SO4 、 H2CO3 、 H2SiO3 DENG,CISHIYANGCHUANGCHUSHUICHENGSUANXING。YANGCHUANGCHUSHUIZHONG HCO3 ZHANYINLIZIZONGHANLIANGDE 40-50% ,RUBUCHUQUJIANGHUIZENGDAYINCHUANGDEFUHE,YINGXIANGYINCHUANGDEGONGZUOXIAOLV,SUODUANYINCHUANGYUNXINGZHOUQI,ZENGJIAZHISHUICHENGBEN。DANGSHUIDE PH ZHIDIDAO 4.3 SHI,SHUIZHONGDETANSUANHUAHEWU,JIBENYIYOULI CO2 DEXINGSHICUNZAI。ZAIPINGHENGTIAOJIANXIA, CO2 RONGJIEDUZHIYOU 0.6mg/L ,ERYANGCHUANGCHUSHUI CO2 DERONGJIEDUYUEWEI 10mg/L ,HENRONGYICONGZHONGXICHU。TUOTANJIUSHILIYONGZHEIGEYUANLILAICHU CO2 。YOUYUKONGQIZHONGDE CO2 HENSHAO,JITADEFENYAHENXIAO,YUEZHANDAQIYALIDE 0.03% ,SUOYIDANGGURUTUOTANQIDEKONGQIHEYANGCHUANGCHUSHUIJIECHUSHI,SHUIZHONGDE CO2 BIANHUIXICHU。YINCI,ERYANGHUATANTUOLINYUNXINGSHIYAOGURUKONGQI。TUOTANQINEIZHUANGSULIAOLAXIHUAN,ZHUYAOWEILEZENGJIASHUIYUKONGQIDEJIECHUMIANJI。JINGTUOTAN,YIBANKEJIANGSHUIZHONGDE CO2 JIANGZHI 5mg/L ZUOYOU。

                 

                中棋棋牌 YINLIZIJIAOHUANQINEIZHUANG201 × 7 XINGQIANGJIANXINGYINLIZIJIAOHUANSHU(YONGSHAOJIANZUOHAIYUANJI),JINGTUOTANQICHULAIDESUANXINGSHUI,JINRUZHUANGYOU OH XINGYINLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIDEJIAOHUANQIZHONG,SHISHUIZHONGDEYINLIZIYULIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHISHANGDE OH FASHENGFANYING,SHUIZHONGGEZHONGYINLIZIBEIXIFUZAILIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHISHANG,ERLIZIJIAOHUANJISHANGDE OH+ ZEDAOLESHUIZHONG。 YOUCIKEJIAN, JINGYANGLIZIJIAOHUANQI→TUOTANQI→YINLIZIJIAOHUANQICHULIHOU,SHUIZHONGGEZHONGLIZIJIHUCHUQU,YIBANKECHUQUSHUIZHONGHANYANLIANG 99% YISHANG。

                中棋棋牌 BENGONGYICAIYONGNILIUZAISHENGFANGSHI,LIZIJIAOHUANQIGONGZUOSHI,SHUILIUZISHANGERXIA,LIUGUOLIZIJIAOHUANJICENG。NILIUZAISHENGSHI,ZAISHENGYEZIXIAERSHANGTONGGUOLIZIJIAOHUANJICENG。YOUYUSHUILIUYUZAISHENGYENIXIANGLIUDONG,YINCIJIAOHUANQIXIABUDEJIAOHUANJIXIANYUXINXIANDEZAISHENGYEXIANGJIECHU,SHIQIDEDAOJIGAODEZAISHENGDU。ERSHANGBUZAISHENGJIAOCHADESHUZHIRENGJUYOUYIDINGDEJIAOHUANRONGLIANG。JIAOSHUNLIUJUYOUMINGXIANJIANGDIYUNXINGFEIYONGJICHUSHUISHUIZHILIANGHAODETEDIAN。

                中棋棋牌 (LIU)CHOUYANGSHAJUNJIANJIE

                中棋棋牌 CHOUYANGYINGWENMINGWEI“ OZONE ”,HUAXUEFENZISHIWEI O3 ,BITONGCHANG O2 DUOLEYIGEHUOPOYANGYUANZI,ZHEISHITAJUYOUMOUXIEDUTEGONGNENG,RUSHAJUNXIAODU、CHUCHOUFANGMEI、BAOXIAN、QINGXINKONGQIDENG。CHOUYANGYANGHUANENGLIJIQIANG,JINCIYUFU,NENGXUNSUFENJIEYOUHAIWUZHI,ERSHAJUNNENGLIQIANGYULV,SHILVDE 600-3000 BEI。

                CHOUYANGSHAJUNJILIYIYANGHUAZUOYONGPOHUAIWEISHENGWUMODEJIEGOUSHIXIANSHAJUNZUOYONG。CHOUYANGSHOUXIANZUOYONGYUXIBAOMO,SHIMOGOUCHENGCHENGFENSHOUSUNSHANGERDAOZHIXINCHENDAIXIEZHANGAI,CHOUYANGJIXUSHENTOUCHUANTOUMOERPOHUAIMONEIZHIDANBAIHEZHIDUOTANG,GAIBIANXIBAODETONGTOUXING,DAOZHIXIBAORONGJIE、SIWANG。

                中棋棋牌 CHOUYANGYUYOUJIWUYISANZHONGBUTONGDEFANGSHIFANYING:YISHIPUTONGHUAXUEFANYING;ERSHISHENGCHENGGUOYANGHUAWU;SANSHIFASHENGCHOUYANGFENJIEHUOSHENGCHENGCHOUYANGHUAWU。RUYOUHAIWUZHIERJIABENYUCHOUYANGFANYINGHOU,SHENGCHENGWUDUDESHUIJIERYANGHUATAN。SUOWEICHOUYANGFENJIESHIZHICHOUYANGZAIYUJIXINGYOUJIHUAHEWUDEFANYING,SHIZAIYOUJIHUAHEWUYUANLAIDESHUANGJIANDEWEIZHISHANGFASHENGFANYING,BAQIFENZIFENLIEWEIER。YOUYUCHOUYANGDEYANGHUALIJIQIANG,BUDANKEYISHAJUN,ERQIEHAIKEYICHUQUSHUIZHONGDESEWEIDENGYOUJIWU,ZHEISHITADEYOUDIAN,RANERTADEZIFAXINGFENJIEXING、XINGNENGBUWEN,ZHINENGSUIYONGSUISHENGCHAN,BUSHIYUCHUCUNHESHUSONG,ZHEISHITADEQUEDIAN。DANGRAN,RUGUOCONGJINGHUASHUIHEJINGHUAKONGQIDEJIAODULAIKAN,YOUYUQIFENJIEKUAIERMEIYOUCANLIUWUZHICUNZAI,YOUKEYISHUOCHENGSHICHOUYANGDEYIDAYOUDIAN。

                CHOUYANGSHUISHAMIEQINGKUANGYOUXIEBUTONG,QIYANGHUAFANYINGYOULIANGZHONG,WEISHENGWUJUNTIJIYURONGJIESHUIZHONGDECHOUYANGZHIJIEFANYING,YOUYUCHOUYANGFENJIESHENGCHENGZHIQIANGJIOH DEJIANJIEFANYING,YOUYUQIANGJI OH WEIJIJUYANGHUAXINGDEYANGHUAJI,YINCICHOUYANGSHUIDESHAJUNSUDUJIKUAI。

                RENGONGZHIQUCHOUYANGDEFANGFAZHUYAOFENWEIKONGQIFANGDIANFA、ZIWAIXIANFUSHEFAHEDIANJIEFA。DIANJIEFAZHUYAOFENWEIHUAXUEDIANJIEHEMODIANJIE(PEM DIANJIEFA), PEM DIANJIEJISHUSHICAIYONGDIYAZHILIUDIANDAOTONGTEZHIDEGUTAIMODIANJIZHENGFULIANGJIDIANJIEQULIZISHUI,SHISHUIZAITEZHIDEYANGJIRONGJIEMIANSHANGSHIQUDIANZISHIQINGYANGFENLI,YANGZAIGAOMIDUDIANLIUZUOYONGXIAHUODENENGLIANG,BINGJUHECHENGCHOUYANG。 PEM DIANJIESHICHOUYANGJISHUYUQITACHANGGUICHOUYANGFASHENGJISHUXIANGBI,JUYOU:SHIYONGFANGBIAN,ANQUANXISHUGAO,SHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG,DUIBUTONGHUANJINGDESHIYINGXINGNENGQIANG,CHOUYANGCHUNDUGAOHEXIANGDUINONGDUZHIGAODENGTEDIAN。


                第五章软水器的使用

                中棋棋牌 YI、RUANSHUIQIXIANGGUANZHISHI

                中棋棋牌 (YI)SHENMESHIYINGDU?

                SHUIZHONGYOUXIEJINSHUYANGLIZI,TONGYIXIEYINLIZIJIEHEZAIYIQI,ZAISHUIBEIJIAREDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUZHENGFANONGSUO,RONGYIXINGCHENGSHUIGOU,FUZHEZAISHOUREMIANSHANGERYINGXIANGRECHUANDAO,WOMENBASHUIZHONGZHEIXIEJINSHULIZIDEZONGNONGDUCHENGWEISHUIDEYINGDU。RUZAITIANRANSHUIZHONGZUICHANGJIANDEJINSHULIZISHIGAILIZI(Ca2+)HEMEILIZI(Mg2+),TAYUSHUIZHONGDEYINLIZIRUTANSUANGENLIZI(CO32-)、TANSUANQINGGENLIZI(HCO3-)、LIUSUANGENLIZI(SO42-)、LVLIZI(CI-)、YIJIXIAOSUANGENLIZI(NO3-)DENGJIEHEZAIYIQI,XINGCHENGGAIMEIDETANSUANYAN、TANSUANQINGYAN、LIUSUANYAN、LVHUAWU、YIJIXIAOSUANYANDENGYINGDU。SHUIZHONGDETIE、MENG、XINDENGJINSHULIZIYEHUIXINGCHENGYINGDU,DANYOUYUTAMENZAITIANRANSHUIZHONGDEHANLIANGHENSHAO,KEYILVEQUBUJI。YINCI,TONGCHANGJIUBACa2+、Mg2+DEZONGNONGDUKANZUOSHUIDEYINGDU。

                (ER) SHENMESHIRUANSHUI(RUANHUA)?WEISHENMEYAORUANHUA?

                我们都知道,普通的水中含有多种可溶解的化合物,有些物质的溶解度随着温度的变化有较明显的变化,其中的碳酸钙、碳酸镁类的物质,其溶解度随着温度的升高 而下降。当温度升高时,原来溶解于水中的碳酸钙、碳酸镁析出形成沉淀物,这些沉淀物可以是以絮状、粉末状,或沉积在容器、管道表面,形成水垢。用来衡量钙镁离子总量的指标是硬度,总的说来,水的硬度主要由钙(Ca2 +)、镁(Mg2+)离子构成的,其具体指标是同类离子折合为碳酸钙来计时的数值,目前标准单位是mmol/L(毫摩尔每升)。传统的单位有mgN/L (毫克当量每升)、德国度、美制(英制)等,目前在国内常用的硬度单位是mg/L(毫克每升)、mmol/L(毫摩尔每升)、mgN/L(毫克当量每 升),偶尔会有用户使用德国度,用德国度除以2.8即可换算为国标的数值mmol/L(毫摩尔每升), 
                    钙镁离子含量较多的水称为硬水,钙镁离子含量较少的水称为软水。硬水与软水只是通俗上的叫法,并没有标准的量的概念,在生活中,行内一般把硬度低于3mmol/L的水称为较软的水,3-6称为普通水,6-8称为较硬的水,10以上称为高硬水。(工业上采用截然不同的标准,工业上一般只有硬度<1的水称作软水,1-10之间都经常笼统地称为硬水,硬度>10的水也多称为高硬水)

                中棋棋牌 (SAN) LIZIJIAOHUANFADEGONGZUOYUANLISHISHENME?

                WEILESHICHURUXINGYUANGONGXUEXI,YIYULIJIEJIESHOU,YIXIADESHUOFASHIJINLIANGTONGSUDESHUOFA,YUBIAOZHUNGONGJUSHUDESHUOFAKENENGBUJINYIZHI(DANBUHUICHUXIANJISHUXINGCUOWU)。LIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHISHIYIZHONGJUHEWU,DAIYOUXIANGYINGDEGONGNENGJITUAN。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,CHANGGUIDENALIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIDAIYOUDALIANGDENALIZI。DANGSHUIZHONGDEGAIMEILIZIHANLIANGGAOSHI,LIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIKEYISHIFANGCHUNALIZI,GONGNENGJITUANYUGAIMEILIZIJIEHE,ZHEIYANGSHUIZHONGDEGAIMEILIZIHANLIANGJIANGDI,SHUIDEYINGDUXIAJIANG。YINGSHUIJIUBIANWEIRUANSHUI,ZHEISHIRUANHUASHUISHEBEIDEGONGZUOGUOCHENG。DANGSHUZHISHANGDEDALIANGGONGNENGJITUANYUGAIMEILIZIJIEHEHOU,SHUZHIDERUANHUANENGLIXIAJIANG,KEYIYONGLVHUANARONGYELIUGUOSHUZHI,CISHIRONGYEZHONGDENALIZIHANLIANGGAO,GONGNENGJITUANHUISHIFANGCHUGAIMEILIZIERYUNALIZIJIEHE,ZHEIYANGSHUZHIJIUHUIFULEJIAOHUANNENGLI,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGJIAOZUO“ZAISHENG”。

                (SI) RUANHUASHUISHEBEIDEBIAOZHUNGONGZUOLIUCHENG

                中棋棋牌 GONGZUO(YOUSHIJIAOZUOCHANSHUI,XIATONG)、FANXI、XIYAN(ZAISHENG)、MANCHONGXI(ZHIHUAN)、KUAICHONGXIWUGEGUOCHENG。BUTONGRUANHUASHUISHEBEIDESUOYOUGONGXUFEICHANGJIEJIN,ZHISHIYOUYUSHIJIGONGYIDEBUTONGHUOKONGZHIDEXUYAO,KENENGHUIYOUYIXIEFUJIADELIUCHENG。RENHEYINALIZIJIAOHUANWEIJICHUDERUANHUASHUISHEBEIDOUSHIZAIZHEIWUGELIUCHENGDEJICHUSHANGFAZHANLAIDE(QIZHONG,QUANZIDONGRUANHUASHUISHEBEIHUIZENGJIAYANSHUIZHONGZHUGUOCHENG)。

                FANXI:GONGZUOYIDUANSHIJIANHOUDESHEBEI,HUIZAISHUZHISHANGBULANJIEHENDUOYOUYUANSHUIDAILAIDEWUWU,BAZHEIXIEWUWUCHUQUHOU,LIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHICAINENGWANQUANPULUCHULAI,ZAISHENGDEXIAOGUOCAINENGDEDAOBAOZHENG。FANXIGUOCHENGJIUSHISHUICONGSHUZHIDEDIBURU,CONGDINGBULIUCHU,ZHEIYANGKEYIBADINGBULANJIEXIALAIDEWUWUCHONGZOU。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGYIBANXUYAO5-15FENZHONGZUOYOU。

                XIYAN(ZAISHENG):JIJIANGYANSHUIZHURUSHUZHIGUANTIDEGUOCHENG,CHUANTONGSHEBEISHICAIYONGYANBENGJIANGYANSHUIZHURU,QUANZIDONGDESHEBEISHICAIYONGZHUANYONGDENEIZHIPENSHEQIJIANGYANSHUIXIRU(ZHIYAOJINSHUIYOUYIDINGDEYALIJI KE)。ZAISHIJIGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,YANSHUIYIJIAOMANDESUDULIUGUOSHUZHIDEZAISHENGXIAOGUOBIDANCHUNYONGYANSHUIJINPAOSHUZHIDEXIAOGUOHAO,SUOYIRUANHUASHUISHEBEIDOUSHICAIYONGYANSHUIMANSULIUGUOSHUZHIDEFANGFAZAISHENG,ZHEIGEGUO CHENGYIBANXUYAO30-60FENZHONGZUOYOU,SHIJISHIJIANSHOUYONGYANLIANGDEYINGXIANG。

                中棋棋牌 MANCHONGXI(ZHIHUAN):ZAIYONGYANSHUILIUGUOSHUZHIYIHOU,YONGYUANSHUIYITONGYANGDELIUSUMANMANJIANGSHUZHIZHONGDEYANQUANBUCHONGXIGANJINGDEGUOCHENGJIAOMANCHONGXI,YOUYUZHEIGECHONGXIGUOCHENGZHONGRENGYOUDALIANGDEGONGNENGJITUANSHANGDEGAIMEI LIZIBEINALIZIJIAOHUAN,GENJUSHIJIJINGYAN,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONGSHIZAISHENGDEZHUYAOGUOCHENG,SUOYIHENDUORENJIANGZHEIGEGUOCHENGCHENGZUOZHIHUAN。

                中棋棋牌 KUAICHONGXI:WEILEJIANGCANLIUDEYANCHEDICHONGXIGANJING,YAOCAIYONGYUSHIJIGONGZUOJIEJINDELIUSU,YONGYUANSHUIDUISHUZHIJINXINGCHONGXI,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGDEZUIHOUCHUSHUIYINGWEIDABIAODERUANSHUI。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,KUAICHONGXIGUOCHENGWEI5-15FENZHONG。

                RUANSHUIJISHIYINGYONGLIZIJIAOHUANJISHU,TONGGUOSHUZHISHANGDEGONGNENGLIZIYUSHUIZHONGDEGAI、MEILIZIJINXINGJIAOHUAN,CONGERXIFUSHUIZHONGDUOYUDEGAI、MEILIZI,DADAOQUCHUSHUIGOU(TANSUANGAIHUOTANSUANMEI)DEMUDE。

                中棋棋牌 RUANSHUIQIZHONGZHUANGYOURUANHUAJISHUZHI,ZHEIZHONGRENZAODELIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHISHANGYOURUANXINGKUANGWUZHINA,KEYIYURONGJIEZAISHUIZHONGDEGAI、MEIDENGYINGXINGKUANGWUZHIFASHENGLIZIJIAOHUANFANYING,ERNABUHUIYISHUIGOUDEXINGSHIDUIJIZAIWUTIBIAOMIANSHANG,SUOYIDUIYUTAJIECHUDEWUTIWEIHAIHENXIAO。SHUZHISHIYIZHONGDUOKONGDE、BUKERONGXINGJIAOHUANCAILIAO。ZAIXIANDAIDERUANSHUIJIZHONGZHUANGYOUQIANBAIWANKEWEIXIDESULIAOQIU(ZHU),SUOYOUXIAOQIUDOUHANYOUXUDUOXISHOUZHENGLIZIDEFUDIANHEJIAOHUANWEIZHI。DANGSHUZHICHUZAIXINSHENGZHUANGTAISHI,ZHEIXIEDIANHEJIAOHUANWEIZHIBEIDAIZHENGDIANHEDENALIZIZHANJU。SHUZHIYOUXIANJIEHEDAIJIAOQIANGDIANHEDEYANGLIZI,GAIHEMEILIZIDEDIANHEBINALIZIQIANG,DANGHANYOUGAI、MEILIZIDESHUIJINGGUOSHUZHIZHUCAOSHI,GAI、MEILIZIYUSHUZHIXIAOZHUJIECHU,CONGJIAOHUANWEIZHISHANGQUDAINALIZI。JINGGUOLIZIJIAOHUANHOU,GAI、MEILIZIJIUBEIXIFUZAIRUANSHUIJINEIDESHUZHISHANG,LIUCHUDESHUIJIUBIANRUANLE。ZUIHOU,SUOYOUSHUZHIDOUXIFUMANGAI、MEILIZIHOU,JIUBUNENGZAIJINXINGGONGZUOLE,ERXUYAOZAISHENGCHULI。

                RUANSHUIQISHUZHIDEZAISHENGSHIYONGLVHUANAHESHUIDEXIRONGYEJINXINGDE。ZAIZAISHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,SHOUXIANTINGZHIRUANSHUIQIDEGONGZUOSHUILIU,CONGYANSHUICAOYINCHUDEYANSHUIYULINGWAIDEXISHISHUILIUHUNHE,XIYANSHUIRONGYELIUJINGSHUZHI,YUFUYOUGAI、MEILIZIDESHUZHIJIECHU。JINGUANGAIHEMEILIZIDAIYOUDEDIANBINALIZIQIANG,DANNONGYANRONGYEHANYOUQIANBAIWANGEJIAORUODIANHEDENALIZI,YOUQUDAISHUMUJIAOSHAODEGAIHEMEILIZIDENENGLI。ZHEIYANG,DANGGAI、MEILIZIBEIQUDAIJIAOHUANHOU,SHUZHIJIUZAISHENGLE,BIANWEIXIAYICIRUANHUAGONGZUOZUOHAOLEZHUNBEI。RUCIXUNHUANWANGFU。    

                (WU) YINGDUDANWEI

                YINGDUDECHANGYONGDANWEISHImmol/LHUOmg/L。GUOQUCHANGYONGDEmg•N/LXIANYONG[H+]mmol/LDAITI,JI1mg•N/L=1[H+]mmol/L=0.5 mmol/L。YOUYUYINGDUBINGFEISHIYOUDANYIDEJINSHULIZIHUOYANLEIXINGCHENGDE,YINCI,WEILEYOUYIGETONGYIDEBIJIAOBIAOZHUN,YOUBIYAOHUANSUANWEILINGYIZHONGYANLEI。TONGCHANGYONGCaOHUOZHESHICaCO3DEZHILIANGNONGDULAIBIAOSHI。


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